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Survey finds seven in ten Greeks are antisemitic

85% believe 'Jews have too much power in the business world'

Greece found to have highest antisemetic rating outside the Middle East and North Africa. Average in other countries outside those regions was 23%

In 2009, unknown attackers desecrated the Jewish cemetery in the northern city of Ioannina, breaking headstones and smearing the blood of a turtle on graves (Photo: ANA) In 2009, unknown attackers desecrated the Jewish cemetery in the northern city of Ioannina, breaking headstones and smearing the blood of a turtle on graves (Photo: ANA) A worldwide survey has found that seven in ten Greek adults (69%) share antisemitic views and attitudes, a rate five points higher than in Iran. 

The New York-based Anti-Defamation League said it surveyed 53,100 adults in 102 countries and territories in an effort to establish, for the first time, a comprehensive data-based research survey of the level and intensity of anti-Jewish sentiment across the world.

The ADL said the the results show that antisemitic attitudes are "persistent and pervasive around the world", with more than one-in-four adults, 26% of those surveyed, "deeply infected with antisemitic attitudes".

The overall ADL Global 100 Index score represents percentage of respondents who answered “probably true” to six or more of 11 negative stereotypes about Jews, including Jewish power, loyalty, money and behaviour. The index used in the survey is the same one that the ADL has used to measure antisemitic attitudes in the United States for the last 50 years.

In Greece, overall 69% were found to have antisemitic views. Some 85% believed that "Jews have too much power in the business world" and 82% shared the view that "Jews have too much power in international financial markets". Three-quarters of respondents felt that "Jews have too much control over global affairs", with a slightly smaller number agreeing that "Jews have too much control over the United States government" and that "Jews have too much control over the global media".

Other statements included: "Jews are more loyal to Israel than to Greece" and "Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust" (both supported by 60% of respondents); "Jews don't care what happens to anyone but their own kind" (53%), "People hate Jews because of the way Jews behave" (47%), "Jews think they are better than other people" (42%), and "Jews are responsible for most of the world's wars (38%).

The report said antisemitic views were higher among men (75%) than women (63%). It also found no major difference between different age groups, with antisemitic attitude share by 71% of over 50s, 68% among 35-49 year olds and 66% of 18-34 year olds.

"For the first time we have a real sense of how pervasive and persistent antisemitism is today around the world,” said Abraham H Foxman, the ADL's national director. "The data from the Global 100 Index enables us to look beyond antisemitic incidents and rhetoric and quantify the prevalence of antisemitic attitudes across the globe. We can now identify hotspots, as well as countries and regions of the world where hatred of Jews is essentially non-existent."

The report said the results, which are are available through an interactive website. showed that the highest concentration of respondents holding antisemitic attitudes was found in Middle East and North African countries, where nearly three-quarters of respondents, 74% of those polled, agreed with a majority of the antisemitic stereotypes that comprise the 11-question index.

Greece was found to have the highest antisemetic rating outside the Middle East and North Africa. The average in other countries outside of those regions was 23%. France was second highest (37%) and Sweden lowest (4%).

Christians in Eastern Orthodox and Catholic countries are more likely to harbour antisemitic views than those in Protestant countries, the report added.

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