Supreme Court prosecutor's findings on Golden Dawn's structure released

Neonazi party has operational wing used to attack those who the party sees as enemies

Golden Dawn operated according to the same organisational principles as Hitler's Nazi party and maintained wing to attack opponents, a report by Supreme Court deputy prosecutor Haralambos Vourliotis finds

Golden Dawn leader Nikos Michaloliakos is escorted by masked anti-terrorism officers to the prosecutor from the Attica police headquarters, 28 September 2013 (Angelos Tzortzinis, AFP) Golden Dawn leader Nikos Michaloliakos is escorted by masked anti-terrorism officers to the prosecutor from the Attica police headquarters, 28 September 2013 (Angelos Tzortzinis, AFP) Golden Dawn operates according to the same “Fuehrer principle” or Führerprinzip used by Hitler’s Nazi party in which the leader has absolute power and his orders are sacred and non-negotiable, a supreme court prosecutor investigating the activities of party has established.

The report was published on Sunday, a day after Golden Dawn's leader Nikos Michaloliakos, four of the party's MPs and over a dozen party operatives, including two police officers, were arrested in a crackdown on the party, ten days after the murder of rapper Pavlos Fyssas by the Golden Dawn supporter sparked widespread revulsion. 

The findings of the investigation conducted by Supreme Court deputy prosecutor Haralambos Vourliotis says the party leader oversees a pyramid structure split into two wings: a political one and an operational one, with the latter responsible for carrying out physical attacks on those deemed enemies of the party.

According to the report, “Golden Dawn first appeared in the early 1980s in the form of a small, closed group of Nazi sympathizers and later it turned into a political formation. Its operational and political sections were separated, with the first carrying out actions, such as, violent attacks against those regarded as the organisation’s enemies”.

Vourliotis referred to the organisation’s charter which clearly separates the two sections that fall under a common leadership group, noting that the leader, Nikos Michaloliakos, has absolute power under the Nazi “fuehrer principle” and his orders are sacred and non-negotiable.

As regards the way the organisation operated, Vourliotis said orders were issued by the leader to the deputy leader – Christos Pappas – and the rest of the hierarchy until it was implemented.

According to the neonazi party’s ideology, “those who do not belong to the popular community of the race are subhumans. In this category belong foreign immigrants, Roma, those who disagree with their ideas and even people with mental problems.

“Violence for Golden Dawn is the message and not the means to achieve its objectives.”

According to testimony provided last week by two former members, who have since been placed on a witness protection programme, the party also has weapons stashes.

The report notes that Golden Dawn recruits individuals with a knowledge of martial arts knowledge, who undergo training in Attica regions such as Malakasa, Mandra and Salamina.

On Sunday, harges were filed against Pappas, who turned himself in earlier on Sunday, becoming the sixth party MP to be arrested.

He appeared before an examining magistrate and was charged of being a leading member of a criminal organisation and of illegal gun possession. He will be given a date for his deposition later in the week.

Meanwhile, it was announced that Michaloliakos will give his testimony on Wednesday instead of Tuesday as it was originally scheduled.

Another individual, whose identity has not been revealed, was arrested on Sunday afternoon by the counter-terrorist squad in connection with the Golden Dawn case raising the number of those arrested to 22.

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Christos Pappas
Golden Dawn
Halalambos Vourliotis
Nikos Michaloliakos
Crime and law